The Gulf of Hormuz is the most important strategic sea route in the world. Have become increasingly important because of the intense tension between Iran and the United States of America.
The tension between Iran and the United States and its allies is now the Gulf of Hormuz.
The tension began last year when US President Donald Trump pulled out of the nuclear deal with Iran.
Trump broke the agreement saying it was in Iran’s interest. Trump imposed tough economic sanctions on Iran in November last year.
Since then, tensions in the relationship between the two countries have been increasing steadily.
Trump said Iran was a terrorist state and that the United States would not tolerate it. At the same time, Ayatollah Khomeini, the Iranian leader, said that we would not trust the United States, and would not trust it.
In April of this year, Trump said US sanctions would be imposed on those countries that would trade with Iran. During this time, America sent a warship to Abraham Lincoln’s Bay of Hormuz.
Now the military activities in Hormuz have increased. Iran seized the British oil tanker on Friday from the Gulf of Hormuz.
Britain and Iran became face to face after Iran’s move, and the United Kingdom warned Iran against serious consequences.
What is the importance of the Gulf of Hormuz?
On the side of the Gulf of Hormuz, American supporters are Arab states and Iran on the other. This bay is only 21 miles in some areas between Oman and Iran.
There are two freeways here to get one of the ships coming one.
This bay is very narrow, although it is so deep that the world’s largest ships and tankers can pass easily.
Oil from the Middle East reaches Asia, Europe, the USA and other markets in the world via Hormuz.
A million dollars of oil passes through this Gulf every day. That is, twenty percent of the world’s crude oil passes here.
If there is one crude oil in the world at once, it will happen here.
By comparison, 55 million barrels of Suez Canal and 1.6 million barrels of oil pass through the Gulf of Malacca.
Iran is also sending its oil across the world. In 2017 Iran sent $ 66 billion worth of crude oil in this way.
Iran is unhappy with the restrictions on the sale of its oil, but there is a trump card in his hand. This is the Gulf of Hormuz.
Iran threatens to stop oil exports from here by closing the Gulf of Hormuz.
Can this Gulf be closed?
When there was a war between Iran and Iraq in the 1980s, oil tankers passing through were largely targeted.
The two countries tried to close each other’s oil exports.
This war was also called the War of the Tankers. There were more than 240 victims of oil tankers, 55 of whom were drowned.
When Iran says it does not allow oil out of the Gulf, it means it will make the movement of ships vulnerable here.
This means that to stop the path, wrecks can use land mines, rockets, submarines or even high speed boats that will be deployed here.
This is important because if Iran does that and if oil exports are affected, it will have a direct impact on the world’s economies.
If the transfer of oil tankers is affected here, it will affect oil prices in countries like India. With expensive oil, everyday things can be expensive for ordinary people.
That is, the direct impact of the pressure of the Gulf of Hormuz can fall on the lives of ordinary people.
But the biggest effect would be that if Iran closed the Gulf of Hormuz, then it could consider declaring the war of the international community.
At the same time, Iran insists it does not want war recently when the US president was asked if there was a war with Iran, he said he was not expected to occur.
Stressful developments around Hormuz
On Friday, the United States claimed that a warship had killed an Iranian drone in the Gulf region. Although Iran denied this.
On Friday, Iran seized British oil tanker Stina Empero in the Gulf of Hormuz.
Earlier this month, British troops had captured an Iranian oil tanker in Gibraltar. Iran is believed to have captured the British oil tanker in response.
On June 13, two oil tankers were hit in attacks near Iran’s coastal zone. One of these was Japanese oil tankers.
A fire broke out at the Front Altair tanker in the Gulf of Oman. Iranian boats tried to extinguish it.
There were three explosions on this vessel at sea between the United Arab Emirates and Iran. This vessel, registered in Marshall Island, was in international waters, when it exploded.
The United States called Iran responsible for the attack on oil tankers in the Gulf region. At the same time, Saudi Arabia said it would provide a strong response to the attacks.
On June 20, Iran killed a US drone aircraft in the Gulf region. US President Donald Trump ordered Iran to retaliate, which he will take back last time.