50 years of the first human landing on the moon
It was one of those wonderful moments in the history of mankind when they were lucky to ask, “Where were you when you first landed on the moon?” The writer was lucky that this troubled moment was watching live on television.
American astronaut Neil Armstrong first climbed to the moon (hereafter Edwin ‘Paz Aldrin) from July 20, 1969, Eagle, Space Apollo 11 was launched on 16 July 1969 from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, USA.
No one can see the scene or to see the words of Armstrong, who has sent the spine down: “A small step for a man, a huge leap for mankind.”
(Armstrong confirmed that he called “man”, meaning himself, but the weak acoustic signal consumed “A”, the meaning of sentence changed; surely, today would like to say “human race” .) The whole world celebrated this remarkable achievement this week.
These columns also want to return to the Moon’s first landing and discuss the importance of human space exploration and its role in the affairs of the nations.
Background of cold war
Whatever the first human fall on any body outside the planet and still is, the harsh reality is that the task of obtaining it is less motivated by altruism.
U.S. President John F. Kennedy announced the Apollo program in a speech to the US Congress on May 26, 1961, at that time when the United States tried to fiddle Fidel Castro’s government in Cuba, serious on trying to grow in Vietnam and fail in a polarized war.
Faced with problems and survival concerns. United Nations on racial discrimination and civil rights, tireless victory of the Soviet Union, ideological enemy, in space.
American astronauts were some kind of clean, all-American hero, whom America longed for at that time.
In October 1957, the first man Yuri Gagarin was sent to Earth orbit in April 1961. He first came before the Space Beast, and Lycopter Leka, who died, almost unfortunately, every action performed first.
Kennedy is disappointed with this series of Soviet victory, pursuing his biggest rival in every region of the United States, asking for the various space missions in the memorandum to Vice President Lyndon Johnson, to the United States It can be reversed, and then can focus on the mission of manned moon.
Kennedy did not specify the time limit for NASA’s “end-decade” whose successive departments and departments have invested in the space program.
At one point, NASA’s budget was 4.6% of the federal budget, half percent now than today, and during that decade the Apollo program was allocated $ 25 billion at 1960 prices, every year, the US GDP Approximately 2.5%!
These huge resources have provided inspiration from the first unmanned flight of American astronaut John Glenn in 1962 to the Moon’s landing in 1969, for the rapid progress of the American space program.
The United States and many others believe that they have changed the curriculum. History, and that the Cold War may have taken a different turn if the United States did not achieve this important “victory” in space.
However, the space program was not widely supported by the American public, with only 50% support passing directly from the moon.
After Apollo 11, many other landings followed a great but blissful excitement not only in the United States but throughout the world.
Up to 17 astronauts in Apollo 17 in 1972, all of whom traveled to the moon, American, male and white. The repetitive works developed by American audiences can only be called boredom, and the United States put a curtain on its schedule.
Low earth orbit includes long journeys and long-distance migration to the International Space Station (ISS), and after the retirement the space shuttle program is used for that purpose.
The Soviet never invested any effort or equivalent in the pursuit of human space outside the Earth’s orbit. The era of human ancestry on the Moon, and perhaps a starting point for the discovery of other planets was over.
However, it should be said that the first fall of the Moon has provoked the whole world and filled it with panic on human progress and the extent of progress.
In spite of American victory at home, people did not welcome their American victory as much as Michael Collins (Armstrong and Aldrin, while the commander of the orbiting circle of the Moon), wherever he went, but one for all mankind As the achievement.